Sunday, 1 March 2009
Journalism and fiction - leopards and zebras
Today I'm delving into a subject I briefly touched on in my first blog - the journalist writing fiction. It's easy to make the error of believing that a piece of fiction is simply a newspaper article lengthened. In reality the two are as different as zebras and leopards.
But look at how many journalists have become fiction writers - Mark Twain, Ernest Hemingway, Walt Whitman and Jack London. Some may have grown bored of the newspaper formula, monotony and censorship which was around during their era, realising they could engage their readers' minds in other ways.
Let's take a look at the two: a non-feature length newspaper article is a brief, often colourless summary of an occurrence, whereas fiction has more depth to it, and that all important narrative style. With a newspaper article you need to stick to the facts: there is no room for elaboration, whereas with fiction, the mind is free to roam - that's the simplest explanation of the variation between the two.
It's not just the content that differs, but experience too. There's the camaraderie and a sense of urgency in the newsroom which is omnipresent, while the fiction writer almost always sits in solitary confinement, working at a slower, more leisurely pace - unless of course he or she has a book to write to a tight deadline.
There's the timescale issue too - if a newspaper editor wants an article to be completed at 11am when Big Ben chimes, there is no room for leeway and no room for excuses. With fiction writing, you set your own goals, according to your own ability. If you want to write a novel in a month, then go ahead. Others may set a target of a year for the completion of the first draft. The exception being of course, if you are contracted to deliver a novel within a specific timeframe.
The publishing process (and indeed the agenting phase) couldn't be more different from the cycle of an edition of a newspaper. There's the often lengthy wait for a response to the initial three chapters for the novelist, the request for the full which can take another few months to produce a response, then you may have other agents clawing at you in which case you'll have a game of juggling to do. Then once the agent sends the book out to publishers, another chain of slow-moving events is set in motion.
With a newspaper, by comparison, its lifespan is over in a heartbeat. There's the writing, editing and make-up (production) phase, then the presses roll, and a few hours later, relying on a quick overland dispatch, it's in the shops. All in the course of a few hours.
I remember reading a quotation which went along the lines of this - in journalism, just one wrong fact prejudices the entire piece, but in fiction, one fact that is true gives legitimacy to the entire work.
Despite all these points I've listed which may seem off-putting to journo-now-wanabee novelists, it IS possible to make that transition. Working in news exposes the writer to a vast range of experiences that can all be used as the basis for a novel. I will be the first to admit I do that. The newspaper world teaches you to become a precise observer.
They say a leopard never changes its spots, well the leopard can in this scenario. If you're a journalist, and a budding writer, you need to get motivated and make that mental switch in your head. You don't want to be a leopard with a bout of the measles!